1845 — Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven” is first published

It was his first publication under his own name, and still one of his best known. Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven” was printed in the Evening Mirror, a newspaper in New York City.

It wasn’t instantly recognized as a classic – neither William Butler Yeats nor Ralph Waldo Emerson, fellow poets both – thought much of it. But it had a catchy rhyme scheme – AA,B,CC,CB,B,B – which is complex but not too complex. And there is, of course, that wonderful one word refrain…

And the raven, never flitting, still is sitting, still is sitting
On the pallid bust of Pallas just above my chamber door;
And his eyes have all the seeming of a demon that is dreaming,
And the lamp-light o’er him streaming throws his shadow on the floor;
And my soul from out that shadow that lies floating on the floor

Shall be lifted — nevermore!

Referenced in:
Kremlin Dusk — Utada Hikaru

1934 – Bonnie and Clyde’s criminal career ends in a hail of gunfire

After a killing, shooting and robbing spree that had lasted for more than two years by that time, Bonnie parker and Clyde Barrow were ambushed not far from their hideout in Bienville Parish, Louisiana, by a posse of six police officers. Only two of the police were Louisiana officers, the remaining four were Texas officers who been tracking the couple for some time. Two nights before the event, they had learned of the couple’s likely whereabouts while in nearby Shreveport, and had set up the ambush on the 22nd, lying in wait.

In the space of less than fifteen minutes, the variously armed sextet of police fired over 130 rounds into the car. Parker and Barrow were each hit at least 25 times, and died before firing halted. There was consierable controversy about this at the time, not least since the couple were folk heroes of a sort. In particular, there were no warrants in Bonnie’s name for any violent crime (although Clyde was a suspect in ten murders, in addition to numerous other crimes).

Referenced in:

B&C – Utada Hikaru
Bonnie & Clyde – Big Japan
’97 Bonnie and Clyde – Eminem
’97 Bonnie and Clyde – Tori Amos
Bonnie and Clyde – Belinda Carlisle
Bonnie and Clyde – Martina Sorbara
Bonnie Und Clyde – Die Toten Hosen
Demolition Lovers – My Chemical Romance
Bonnie Parker’s 115th Dream – Johnny Boy
Legend of Bonnie and Clyde – Merle Haggard
Bonnie and Clyde – Serge Gainsbourg and Brigitte Bardot
The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde – Georgie Fame and His Blue Flames