Although the name had been in use informally since 1453, in most contexts Istanbul was still Constantinople to non-Turks, and Kostantiniyye in most government contexts. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the formation of the modern Turkish Republic in 1923, the old name was gradually phased out.
The changeover was formalised on March 28, 1930, when the Turkish Postal Service Law came into force. All foreigners were requested to stop using the old names of Istanbul and various other Turkish locations. This was enforced by the post office’s refusal to deliver mail addressed to Constantinople, which drove acceptance of the new usage on pragmatic grounds.
Istanbul Not Constantinople – The Four Lads
Istanbul Not Constantinople – They Might Be Giants
Although it took nearly six months to reach #1 on the charts, reach that storied number it did, and made Johnnie Ray a star. The nature of the song, and the quality of his voice, saw Ray given many nicknames, such as “Mr. Emotion”, “The Nabob of Sob”, and “The Prince of Wails.”
In the years that followed, he would have several more hits, some with the Four Lads, some without. These included “Please Mr. Sun”, “Such a Night”, “Walkin’ My Baby Back Home”, “A Sinner Am I”, “Yes Tonight Josephine”, “Just Walkin’ in the Rain” (which was the 1956 Christmas #1 in the UK) and “You Don’t Owe Me a Thing”.
But no other song ever matched “Cry” in chart performance, or its place in the hearts of his fans.
We Didn’t Start The Fire — Billy Joel
Come On Eileen – Dexy’s Midnight Runners
The Dutch first built a settlement on Manhattan Island in 1613. It was the first European settlement on the island, located approximately at the site of the later World Trade Center complex. In 1623, the growth of the colony prompted the Dutch government to build a military post there, which was named Fort Amsterdam. The settlement grew even more, becoming known as New Amsterdam after the fort.
In 1664, the English opened the second Anglo-Dutch War by invading New Amsterdam on August 27. The official surrender of the colony took place on September 8, 1664, and the settlement and colony were renamed New York, in honour of James, brother to the English King, Charles II, and then the Duke of York. (He would later succeed his brother to the English throne, reigning from 1685 to 1688.)
Istanbul (not Constantinople) — The Four Lads
Istanbul (not Constantinople) — They Might Be Giants
History does not record whether it was so nice they named it twice on this date, or whether that came later.