1901 – The Boxer Rebellion ends

THe Boxer Rebellion was a four year long uprising by native Chinese who fought against Japanese and European imperialism. The very name of the event is a textbook example of such imperialism: how dare the ungrateful peasantry of China reject the gifts of conquest, opium, economic disruption and famine that the Great Powers of the world had chosen to inflict upon them? An Eight Nation Alliance consisting of the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, Austria-Hungary, Russia, France, Germany and Italy set out to teach them the error of their ways.

Not that the Boxers were without their faults too – there were massacres of Christian missionaries and Chinese Christians, with an estimated 100,000 civilians killed by the rebels. (Another 5000 civilians were killed by the Alliance.) There is no record of how many Bozers were slain, but approximately 2000 Chinese soldiers and 1000 Alliance soldiers were killed in the fighting, before the Eight Nation Alliance forced China to sign a humiliating peace accord on September 7, 1901. The Boxer Protocol’s terms included the execution of government officials who had supported the Boxers, an indemnity payment so great that it exceeded China’s total annual tax income and the requirement for China to pay for the occupying garrisons of its conquerors.

Referenced in:

White’S Ferry — Clutch

1978 – Keith Moon dies of a drug overdose

In the history of rock and roll’s true wild men, Keith Moon stands above them all. He was the wild man’s wild man, a talented musician with a distinctive sound of his own, whose considerable musical talent was dwarfed by his talent at partying.

He was the drummer for the Who, and the last member to join the band. His driving beats powered them to stardom alongside the vocal talents of Roger Daltrey, the guitar playing genius of Pete Townsend and the dependable bass lines of John Entwhistle.

Moon died at age 32 when he overdosed on pills he had been given to help treat his addictions, in a series of small errors that added up to a full-blown catastrophe.

Referenced in:

Under A Raging Moon – Roger Daltrey
Rock And Roll Hall Of Death — Mitch Benn And The Distractions