1901 — Queen Victoria of the British Empire dies

One of the most famous monarchs of all time, yet often seen as little more than a figurehead used by the revolving cast of Prime Ministers and other government officials, Victoria gave her name to her era, an era characterised by colonialism and industrialisation.

She reigned as Queen longer than any other British Monarch, ruling for an astonishing 63 years and seven months. She was also the first known haemophiliac in the British Royal Family, and spent the last 40 years of her life grieving for her dead husband.

Referenced in:
Victoria — The Kinks
Queen Victoria — Leonard Cohen