1975 – The Pine Ridge Shootout occurs

The Pine Ridge Indian Reservation is an Oglala Lakota Native American reservation located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. It was the sight of the notorious Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890, and a similar, though much smaller scale, uprising in 1975. After years of deteriorating relations with the federal government, some residents of the reservation, along with allies from the American Indian Movement, engaged in a shootout with FBI agents on June 26, 1975.

One Indian and two FBI agents were killed in the raid, and although three men were tried for the deaths of the latter, only one was convicted, the courts upholding the self-defence pleas of the other two. Life on this rez remains difficult for the Indians and controversial to just about everyone.

Referenced in:
Crazy Life — Toad the Wet Sprocket