1933 – Dachau concentration camp opens

Dachau was the first of the Nazi concentration camps. Located near Munich, over the next 12 years, until the camp was liberated by American forces in 1945, thousands of people were interned there. In addition to Communists and Jews, the camp also held ordinary German criminals, Christian clergy and a range of prisoners from various conquered nations. Over 32,000 deaths were documented there – and very likely thousands more were not documented.

After the war, it was used to hold captured SS troops as they awaited trial at Nuremberg, in a small measure of poetic justice. Not nearly enough, though.

Referenced in:
Nazis 1994 — Roger Taylor
Dachau Blues — Captain Beefheart
Ghosts of Dachau — The Style Council