1940 – Denmark surrenders to Germany

The Danish surrender to Germany took place only 2 hours after the invasion of Operation Weserübung began – although in fairness, the Danes were massively outnumbered and also had a direct land border with Germany. Arguably, the surrender saved many lives that would otherwise have been lost pointlessly.

But a military surrender is a long way from a capitulation, as the Danes repeatedly demonstrated in the five years (to May 1945) that they were occupied. Although the Nazis installed a collaborationist government, the Danish people as a whole were among the most dedicated and active resistance movements (notably evacuating 7800 Jews when the Nazis set out to arrest them in 1943), and scuttling their navy rather than let the Germans take it over.

Referenced in:
To Be Or Not To Be (The Hitler Rap) – Mel Brooks

1976 — Phil Ochs dies

Born on December 19, 1940, Phil Ochs would become one of the best known protest singers in America (although he himself preferred the descriptor ‘topical singer’). He had his roots in the folk scene of Greenwich Village in the early Sixties. Although he never achieved the commercial success of some of his contemporaries, such as Bob Dylan, Pete Seeger or Peter, Paul and Mary, he was an influential composer. His song “I Ain’t Marching Anymore” was a popular rallying cry of anti-Vietnam War protests, and was even once broadcast on the news by Walter Cronkite.

Ochs’ life took a turn for the worse in the Seventies. His troubles with bipolar disorder and alcoholism grew worse, and his behaviour grew paranoid and erratic. Ochs hanged himself on April 9, 1976, bitter and disillusioned by the Nixon era and the assassinations of 1968.

Referenced in:
All My Heroes Are Dead — Dar Williams
The Parade’s Still Passing By — Harry Chapin