1939 — Barcelona falls to the Nationalist advance

One of the last victories of the Spanish Civil War, the Nationalist victory in Barcelona saw the end of the hopes of the Republican forces. Barcelona was the Republican capital, and also the capital of Catalonia – which had been under direct attack by the Nationalists since December 23, 1938.

The Catalonian region surrendered on February 10, and the Republicans as a whole on April 1, beginning a period of unbroken rule over Spain by Franco that would last until his death in 1975.

Referenced in:
A Hero Of The Wrong War — traditional folk song