- a genius.
Designed for the treatment of Alzheimers, Clarity is a product of Judge Pharmaceuticals. Early animal trials found that it increased cognitive function in rats, but due to the need for secrecy, finding human subjects to test it on proved more difficult.
However the drug’s commercial viability – as a potential cure for Alzheimers, Judge stood to make millions, if not billions – was such that the history of Clarity is one of literal backstabbing – the race for to take credit for it in the company led to murder on more than one occasion.
One of the best crossovers of recent years – relatively small scale (at least in terms of issues), tightly plotted and leaving enough room for characterization. And probably mostly still in continuity in the New 52.
A short-lived competitor to “Saturday Night Live”, “Fridays” ran for three seasons on ABC from 1980 to 1982. It had a similar format to SNL – sketches, a guest host and musical guests – but was generally noted for having a sharper satirical edge to its politics. While it did not pull in the ratings ABC hoped, it did well enough to last three years.
It also launched a few careers, notably those of Larry David and Michael Richards, both of whom would go on to much greater success with “Seinfeld” a decade later – and almost all the regular cast members of “Fridays” have popped up on “Seinfeld”, sometimes as recurring characters.
In early 1941, the Allied forces in North Africa, comprised mostly of British and Commonwealth units (the Australians being the largest of the Commonwealth contingents), were making very good progress in driving the Italian forces out of Libya (which the Italians had conquered in 1911). The port of Tobruk was captured by Australian forces from the 6th Division on January 22 along with 27,000 Italian troops.
But in March, Rommel and his Afrika Korps arrived in North Africa to bolster the Italian forces. On March 24, Operation Sonnenblume commenced, an opportunistic effort to push back the Allies. Rommel’s advance was very successful, as the British had sent many of the forces previously stationed in North Africa to fight in Greece, and much of what remained, especially the armour, had fallen back for maintenance and recovery. On April 4, the Axis forces recaptured Benghazi, and by April 10, had encircled Tobruk. An assault on April 11 proved inconclusive for both sides, and the siege commenced in earnest.
The 14,000 men who remained in Tobruk were primarily Australians, with some British and Polish soldiers among them. Collectively, they became known as ‘the Rats of Tobruk’, when the Australians adopted the name they had been given in German propaganda as a badge of honour. (They even made their own service medal in the likeness of a rat, using metal from a German Bomber that they had shot down.) Nearly 4000 of them would give their lives while the siege lasted. The first attempt to break the siege, Operation Battleaxe, was launched by the Allies on June 15, but failed in its goals. The siege was lifted on November 27, and Tobruk would eventually be relieved on December 7, 1941, the same day that the Pearl Harbor attacks brought the US into the war. The siege had lasted a total of 283 days.
Montsalvat was the earliest settlement in the area now called Eltham. But far from being the artist’s community it would famously become, it was originally intended to be a health spa. Here, it was planned, people would engage in prayer, exercise and regular infusions of the supposed health giving waters of the Yarra (which was to be both imbibed and swum in). If people proved recalcitrant, well, gentle persuasions – and less gentle ones – were available to encourage them. It was for their own good, after all.
But this attitude did not prove to be a selling point to the well-to-do of Melbourne. Montsalvat Health Spa began to be a losing proposition, with only the attractions of the sparkling upper Yarra as a selling point. The discovery of gold at Warrandyte, upstream from Eltham, led to a small mining boom that left the waters of the river too polluted for either of these purposes, and without that selling point, the Montsalvat Health Spa sank into financial ruin. Justus Jorgenson picked it up for a song – and a short song, at that.
Montsalvat would thrive as the artists of what would become known as the Heidelberg School made it famous and respected in the art world, but the surrounding area was left largely undeveloped for some decades. There are a number of theories as to why this desirable real estate would not be snapped up and built upon sooner that it was – distance from the city, the presence of large numbers of the Kulin people, the dense forest of the area, that it was haunted by the ghost of Montsalvat’s original owner (rumoured to have hung himself in one of its halls – although actually, he died of liver failure in a Footscray pub in 1848), but the truth is simply that the shadow of the failed health spa hung over the area in the form of the name it still bears – the spa having been nicknamed Health ‘Em due to its operators’ habit of trying to force people to be healthier.
Suburbs near Eltham:
The Danish surrender to Germany took place only 2 hours after the invasion of Operation Weserübung began – although in fairness, the Danes were massively outnumbered and also had a direct land border with Germany. Arguably, the surrender saved many lives that would otherwise have been lost pointlessly.
But a military surrender is a long way from a capitulation, as the Danes repeatedly demonstrated in the five years (to May 1945) that they were occupied. Although the Nazis installed a collaborationist government, the Danish people as a whole were among the most dedicated and active resistance movements (notably evacuating 7800 Jews when the Nazis set out to arrest them in 1943), and scuttling their navy rather than let the Germans take it over.
There’s no I in Teamocil – at least not where you’d think…
As the name suggests, Teamocil enhances feelings of camaraderie and team spirit, although in doing so it frequently depresses the libido of users as well as causing numbness in their extremities and short term memory loss.
A product of Natural Life Food Company, Teamocil is an anti-depressant whose extreme effectiveness is unfortunately a precursor to total shut down of the pituitary gland. As of 2004, it is no longer on sale, most likely due to that side effect.